Publications

Peer-Reviewed Articles

International Security & International Studies Quarterly“In the Balance: External Troop Support and Rebel Fragmentation in the Second Congo War.” Journal of Strategic Studies. Forthcoming.

“Status Competition in Africa: Explaining the Rwandan–Ugandan Clashes in the Democratic Republic of Congo.” African Affairs, Vol. 118, No. 472 (July 2019), pp. 509–530. [Free access via Oxford University Press]

“Rebel Leaders, Internal Rivals, and External Resources: How State Sponsors Affect Insurgent Cohesion.” International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 60, No. 4 (December 2016), pp. 599–610. [Oxford University Press]

“The Origins of Transnational Alliances: Rulers, Rebels, and Political Survival in the Congo Wars.” International Security, Vol. 41, No. 1 (Summer 2016), pp. 147–181. [MIT Press] [Open Access]
 

Book Chapters

International Organization and Global Governance“The Invader’s Dilemma: Enlisting Rebel Groups.” In Kenneth W. Abbott, Philipp Genschel, Duncan Snidal, and Bernhard Zangl, eds., The Governor’s Dilemma: Indirect Governance Beyond Principals and Agents (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming in 2020).  [Oxford University Press]

“Rational Choice: From Principal–Agent to Orchestration Theory.” With Duncan Snidal. In Thomas G. Weiss and Rorden Wilkinson, eds., International Organization and Global Governance, second edition (London: Routledge, 2018), pp. 135–145.  [Routledge]

“Rational Choice and Principal–Agent Theory.” With Duncan Snidal. In Thomas G. Weiss and Rorden Wilkinson, eds., International Organization and Global Governance (London: Routledge, 2014), pp. 132–143.
 

Usalama Project reports on the UPC and the FNI & FRPIReports for the Rift Valley Institute‘s Usalama Project

“UPC in Ituri: The External Militarization of Local Politics in North-Eastern Congo.” Usalama Project: Understanding Congolese Armed Groups (London: Rift Valley Institute, 2013).  [English] [French translation]

“FNI and FRPI: Local Resistance and Regional Alliances in North-Eastern Congo.” Usalama Project: Understanding Congolese Armed Groups (London: Rift Valley Institute, 2013).  [English] [French translation]
 

Book Reviews

“The Costs and Benefits of Intervention by Proxy” (review essay on two recent books on proxy warfare). Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, Vol. 8, No. 4 (December 2014), pp. 381–386. [Taylor & Francis Online]

“Making Sense of Failure: A Review of Theodore Trefon’s ‘Congo Masquerade.’” On African Arguments Online, hosted by the Royal African Society, October 13, 2011. [African Arguments]
 

Policy Workshop Reports

“Experts Workshop Report: Dynamics of Conflict and Forced Migration in the Democratic Republic of Congo.” With Claire Lauterbach. Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford, January 2011.  [English (PDF)] [French translation (PDF)]
 

Blog Posts

“Coalitions and Defections in a Context of Uncertainty – A Report from Ituri (Part II).” On Jason Stearns’ Congo Siasa blog, August 27, 2012. [Congo Siasa]

“Coalitions and Defections in a Context of Uncertainty – A Report from Ituri (Part I).” On Jason Stearns’ Congo Siasa blog, August 24, 2012.  [Congo Siasa]